Flood Management Projects
Devastation by floods is a recurrent annual phenomenon in India. Almost every year, some or the other part of the country is affected by floods. Floods cause enormous damage to life, property-public and private, and disruptions to infrastructure, besides psychological and emotional instability amongst the people. Rashtriya Barh Ayog (RBA) had estimated in 1980, total flood-prone area in the country as 40 million hectare (m ha) which was revised further to 49.815 mha by the Working Group on Flood Management set up by the Planning Commission for the 12th Five-Year Plan, based upon the information furnished by the State Governments. Proper management of floods constitutes an important element in national’s development activities. In order to protect human life, land and property from flood fury in the country; the state governments had been engaged in flood management works for last 5 decades and a total of 18.22 m ha area has been provided a reasonable degree of protection by the end of 10th Plan. Government of India has also been assisting the flood prone states in flood management and anti-erosion works for critical reaches, by providing financial assistance to the state Governments through a number of centrally sponsored schemes. In order to provide financial assistance to the State Governments for undertaking flood management works in critical areas a state sector scheme, namely, “Flood Management Programme” (FMP) was launched by Ministry of Water Resources under Central Plan, at a total cost of Rs. 8,000 crore during XI Plan. The Government of India has approved continuation of this Programme during XII Plan with an outlay of Rs. 10,000 crore.
The proposals of State Governments, which were appraised by the competent authority and secured all mandatory clearances including clearance from the State TAC, State Flood Control Board, Advisory Committee of MoWR and Investment clearance from Planning Commission, were considered as per Guidelines and approved for central assistance under FMP by an Empowered Committee.
Status of implementation of FMP During XI Plan
- Outlay during XI Plan = Rs. 8000 crore
- Projects Approved = 420 nos
- Central assistance released during XI Plan = Rs. 3566.00 crore (including Rs. 89.79 crore for spilled over works of X Plan).
Status of implementation of FMP During XII Plan
In the meeting held on 17.10.2013, the Cabinet approved continuation of Flood Management Programme (FMP) during XII Plan for providing central assistance to States to the extent of Rs. 10,000 crore for taking up works related to river management, flood control, anti-erosion, drainage development, flood proofing works, restoration of damaged flood management works, anti-sea erosion and catchment area treatment. The approval of Cabinet was conveyed by MOWR on 31.10.2013 and modified guidelines were also issued on 31.10.2013. The proposals of State Governments, which were appraised by the competent authority and secured all mandatory clearances including clearance from the State TAC, State Flood Control Board, Advisory Committee of MoWR and Investment clearance from Planning Commission, shall be approved for central assistance under FMP by an Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC-FMP) headed by Secretary (WR, RD & GR).
- Outlay during XII Plan = Rs. 10,000 crore
- New Projects Approved = 97 nos. (In 2 meetings of IMC-FMP held on 19.12.2013 and 03.03.2014)
- Central assistance released During XII Plan for ongoing and new works = Rs. 981.39 crore (as on 21.12.2015)