National Hydrology Project (NHP)
The Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation/ Central Water Commission has already been implemented Hydrology Project in two phases viz. Hydrology Project I (1995-2003) and Hydrology Project II (2004-2014) with the assistance of World Bank. The project has been central to efforts in India to improve the planning, development, and management of water resources, as well as flood forecasting and reservoir operations in real-time. The project has led to a significant change in the availability and reliability of hydro-meteorological data in India. Now the water resources development projects (such as hydraulic structure construction, irrigation development through surface water and/or groundwater) and other infra-structure developments are based on accurate information, and thus designed appropriately and economically. The reservoir operation is based on real time hydrological information in the catchment and is integrated with the climate forecast which would minimize likelihood of floods and ensure the availability of water for various uses.
With the improved water information under HP I and HP II has led to the development of Decision Support Systems in selected basins/ sub-basins, allowing for improved water resources planning and design of water-related infrastructures, improved Ground Water Management, reduce vulnerability to and enhanced management of drought and floods, improved management of reservoirs and there by improved hydropower and irrigated agricultural productivity, reduced impact of poor water quality on public health, improved state water policies and regulations and improved awareness on the scarcity and importance of water.
Under HP I and HP II projects, a large part of country is still not covered for example Ganga Basin States, Himalayan Region, North Eastern States and Indus Basin. There is a need to develop infrastructural and technological gaps, commissioning of standardize tools and systems and bringing uniformity among all the States including operation & maintenance of infrastructure created under HP I and II projects. With the new National Water Policy is in place, the approach for National Hydrology Project (NHP) is to align water resources development in line with the policy especially Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM).
The Ministry of Jal Shakti / Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has proposed to undertake National Hydrology Project (NHP) with the World Bank Assistance. The project proposal has already been approved by the EFC held on 16-10-2015. National Hydrology Project with overall cost of Rs3679.7674 crore as a Central Sector Scheme is to be taken up in two stages.
There are a total of 49 Implementing Agencies (IAs) including eight central agencies, 39 state-level agencies and two River Basin Organizations (RBO) in National Hydrology Project. Central Water Commission is one of the implementing agency under National Hydrology Project and it has to play a crucial role of central technical coordination agency in NHP. Central water Commission has been allocated approx. Rs275 crore in National Hydrology Project for carrying out the various activities. Member, River Managment, CWC is the coordinator officer & Chief Engineer, Planinig & Development is the nodal officer for NHP on behalf of CWC.
The brief description of proposed activities of Central Water Commission under NHP is summarized
activities of Central Water Commission under NHP
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