Central Water Engineering Service (CWES)
Formally constituted in the year 1965, Central Water Engineering Service (CWES) is a premier Group A Service at central government dealing with water sector and is the organized Group A service under Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.
CWES Officers, belonging to Civil Engineering or Mechanical Engineering streams, are recruited for the Group-A posts by UPSC on the basis of Engineering services Examination or by way of promotion of Group-B officers in the feeder grade.
National Water Academy, Pune, the in house training institute of Central Water Commission (CWC), conducts 26 week induction training program for the directly recruited CWES officers joining at the Assistant Director level. The promote CWES officers also undergo an orientation course at NWA, Pune. These trainings expose officers to various aspects/issues of water sector and enable them with various techno-managerial tools to deal with various challenges in water sector.
Beside, NWA, Pune also conducts various types of trainings and capacity building programmes for CWES officers at different levels throughout the year. CWES officers are also sent on foreign trainings on regular basis.
Allocation of Directorate/Circles/Other units to officers
The true initiation and refinement process into a career stream takes place only after CWES Officers are posted to a Directorate/Circle/various other units. Majority of the CWES officers are posted in Central Water Commission (CWC). A sizeable no. of posts of CWES is also encadered in other organizations. This includes encadered posts in Ministry of Water Resoures, RD & GR, Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee (SSCAC), Ganga Flood Control Commission (GFCC), Farakka Barrage Project (FBP), Krishna River Management Board (KRMB), Godavari River Management Board (GRMB), etc.
CWES officers head important organisations under Ministry of water Resources, RD & GR namely CWC, GFCC, KRMB, GRMB etc. as cadre posting. Opportunities are also available for CWES officers to head other organisations e.g. CWPRS, CSMRS, NIH, UYRB etc. CWES officers are also deputed on foreign assignments of planning and Execution of WR Projects and other long and short term deputations. In addition, the CWES Group A officers may also avail opportunities of serving on important posts in other govt. departments through central staffing scheme.
Functions of CWES Officers
CWES officers play versatile roles, amidst growing challenges, for the development and management of water resources of the country.
In general, 12 key functional domains can be indentified for the functioning of CWES officers:
Basic Planning and Management
Inter-state/International Conflict Resolution in water Related disputes
Flood Forecasting/Hydrological Observation
Human Resource management and Administration
Civil/Structural Design of WR Projects
Survey and Investigation of WR Projects
Appraisal of Water Resources Projects
Monitoring of Water Resources Projects
Hydro-Mechanical Design of WR Projects
These Functional domains have been assigned with well-defined roles/objectives and activities/tasks. The Groundwork in these domains prepares CWES officers to play vital roles in Policy Formulation in Water Sector, Planning for Development& Management of water resources, Design & Research, River Management etc. Besides, CWES officers also assume significant roles in other challenging areas e.g. National Water Mission, National Mission for Clean Ganga, Execution of WR projects, Coastal Management, Capacity Building etc.
Career Progression Framework:
According to prevalent recruitment rules for CWES cadre, an officer is expected to put in minimum 4 years of service at JTS level, and 9 years at STS level before his or her promotion to the JAG level. During their tenure at Junior Time Scale (JTS) and Senior Time Scale (STS) level, the officers develop requisite competencies for bigger responsibilities at JAG level. At Junior Administrative Grade (JAG) and above, the officers are required to deliver well defined output. A CWES officer may further be promoted to SAG level & HAG level after putting in a minimum of 17 years and 25 years of Group A service respectively subject to other terms and conditions. There is practically no stagnation at most of the levels in CWES Cadre and promotion takes place at regular intervals. Further pay parity with two years junior batch IAS officers, who are on central posting, is also ensured for CWES officers with Non- Functional Upgradation. The Career Progression Framework has been shown in the table below:
Ascending Order of Precedence
Junior Time Scale PB-3 (Rs 15600-39100),GP ₹ 5400
Assistant Director/Assistant Executive Engineer (Entry- level Probationer)
Senior Time Scale PB-3 (Rs 15600-39100),GP ₹ 6600
Deputy Director/Executive Engineer/Deputy Commissioner (Equivalent to Under Secretary to GOI)
Non Functional Second Grade PB-3( Rs 15600-39100),GP-₹ 7600
Deputy Director/Executive Engineer/Deputy Commissioner (Equivalent to Deputy Secretary to GOI)
Junior Administrative Grade PB-4 (Rs 37400-67000),GP- ₹ 8700
Director/Superintending Engineer/Senior Joint Commissioner (Equivalent to Director to GOI)
Senior Administrative Grade PB-4 (Rs 37400-67000),GP-₹ 10000
Chief Engineer/ Commissioner (Equivalent to Joint Secretary to GOI)
Higher Administrative Grade (₹ 67000-79000 + 3% Increment
Member, CWC/ Chairman,GFCC/KRMB/GRMB (Equivalent to Additional Secretary to GOI)
Apex Scale( ₹ 80,000 fixed)
Chairman,CWC (Equivalent to Secretary to GOI)